Turkish forces crossed into Iraq to pursue Kurdish militants after dozens were killed in the deadliest attacks for years, as protesters assailed offices of the main pro-Kurdish party in a night of nationalist-tinged violence.
Thirteen Turkish police were killed on Tuesday in a new attack by Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) militants, as violence in the east threatened to spiral out of control.
That came two days after 16 Turkish soldiers died in a twin roadside bombings in Daglica in the southeastern Hakkari region, the army said, the deadliest strike on troops in the latest phase of the long-running insurgency.
Early on Tuesday, the Turkish air force pounded PKK targets in northern Iraq while special forces crossed the border in a rare land incursion, a Turkish government source told AFP.
"This is a short-term measure intended to prevent the terrorists' escape," the official said.
The state-run Anatolia agency said 150 Turkish troops had entered northern Iraq with the aim of "destroying" two dozen PKK militants who escaped from Turkey over the border after carrying out the Daglica attack.
Nationalist protesters vented their anger at the bombings by attacking buildings across the country belonging to the pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP), which they accuse of being the political wing of the PKK.
In Ankara, dozens of people threw stones and ripped down the sign outside the HDP's headquarters, images broadcast by the CNN-Turk channel showed, while pictures on social media suggested the interior of the building had been gutted by fire.
Similar nationalist demonstrations took place in six other cities across Turkey, CNN-Turk reported, with protesters setting the HDP offices in southern resort city of Alanya on fire and damaging other buildings linked to the party.
- 'Plague of terror' -
Since late July, Ankara has used air power and ground forces to try cripple the PKK in its strongholds in southeastern Turkey and northern Iraq.
But the group has hit back, killing dozens of Turkish police and soldiers in almost daily assaults, with the bloodier attacks marking a new intensification of the conflict.
The 13 police were killed in a bomb attack on a minibus in the eastern region of Igdir, the local governorate said, as they were en route to the Dilucu post near the border with Azerbaijan. A PKK spokesman confirmed to AFP that the group carried out the attack.
Two other policemen were killed in separate attacks in the east and southeast blamed on the PKK, official media said.
The violence has upended a 2013 ceasefire aimed at sealing a peace deal to end the PKK's three-decade insurgency, which has claimed tens of thousands of lives.
Washington called for the Turkish government and PKK to return to the negotiating table.
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"The United States has indicated that it is important for Turkey and the PKK to return to their process of reaching a peaceful solution," White House spokesman Josh Earnest said, adding that the US "obviously stands with our ally in Turkey".
Commentators have expressed alarm that the current situation increasingly resembles the worst days of the PKKs insurgency in the 1990s, when attacks on this scale were commonplace.
"We did not and will not abandon the nation's future to three or five terrorists," Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said in a defiant speech in Ankara.
But he promised that "with God's permission, Turkey, which has overcome plenty of crises, will get over the plague of terror".
- Alarm over Cizre -
In a scene that has become familiar in recent weeks, Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu attended a funeral for soldiers killed in the Daglica attack.
"For the unity of this nation, this homeland, anyone responsible for each and every act of bloodshed will be brought to account," he said, weeping openly.
Pro-Kurdish MPs meanwhile expressed alarm over the situation in the mainly Kurdish southeastern city of Cizre in restive Sirnak province, where residents were under an army curfew for a fifth day in a row.
Several people have been killed and others wounded, including children, while food was running short, pro-Kurdish media have reported.
"Martial law is being imposed in Cizre under the pretext of a curfew," the HDP said in a statement, denouncing a "massacre" in the city.
Meanwhile, a pro-Erdogan mob of 100 people tried to storm the headquarters of the Hurriyet newspaper in Istanbul for the second time in three days, accusing the paper of misquoting the president.
The unrest comes at an explosive time in Turkey as the country prepares to hold snap elections on November 1 following June polls in which Erdogan's party lost its overall majority after a pro-Kurdish party made major gains.
It also comes as Turkey joins in US-led air strikes against the Islamic State jihadist group across the border in Syria.
Meanwhile, the PKK on Tuesday released 20 Turkish citizens, including customs officials, kidnapped by the militants in eastern Turkey in August and later moved to Iraq.