Two people were killed in clashes between Islamist protesters and Egyptian police in Cairo on Friday, security officials said.
The army and police had fanned out across the capital in anticipation of rallies called by an Islamist group, and police quickly moved in to quash the small gatherings after they began outside mosques.
In the working class district of Matariya, at least two people were killed when protesters clashed with police, health and security officials said.
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A health ministry official said one protester had been shot in the chest.
A friend identified him as Mohammed Hassan, and told AFP he was an Islamist who regularly attended anti-government demonstrations.
"The police fired randomly at the protesters," he said.
However, the interior ministry said police came under fire from the protesters, and officers arrested one of them carrying a shotgun.