Protesters wave their hands during a demonstration in the city of Ramadi on December 3, 2012
Protesters wave their hands during a demonstration in the western city of Ramadi, calling for the release of prisoners and the resignation of the Iraqi Shiite premier on December 3, 2012. Thousands of protesters in Sunni-majority areas of Iraq attended the protest, the latest in more than a week of anti-government rallies. © Azhar Shallal - AFP
Protesters wave their hands during a demonstration in the city of Ramadi on December 3, 2012
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Azhar Shallal, AFP
Last updated: January 4, 2013

Thousands call for Iraqi prisoner release and slam prime minister

Thousands of protesters in Sunni-majority areas of Iraq called Thursday for the release of prisoners and the resignation of the Shiite premier, the latest in more than a week of anti-government rallies.

Officials sought to head off the demonstrations by beginning a mass release of female prisoners, a key demand of Sunni Arab protesters angered by what they allege is the misuse of anti-terror legislation by the Shiite-led authorities to target their minority community.

In a sign of cross-sectarian anger with the government of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, meanwhile, hundreds of protesters from mostly-Shiite provinces in south Iraq joined the rallies, days after a powerful Shiite cleric voiced support for the demonstrations.

As has been the case since they began on December 23, the biggest rallies took place in the western Iraqi province of Anbar, where protesters continued to block off a key highway linking Iraq to Syria and Jordan.

They held up banners reading "State of No Law", a reference to Maliki's State of Law political bloc, and calling for the government to release prisoners they alleged were wrongfully detained.

Among the protesters were around 200 from Shiite areas of Baghdad and south Iraq who joined the mostly Sunni Arab demonstrators for midday prayers and the rest of the rally.

"This protest is welcomed by all Iraqis -- it is not sectarian," said Ahmed Ali Hussein, a professor at Karbala University, south of Baghdad in a city that is home to shrines to two revered figures in Shiite Islam.

Jumaa Nasser al-Ani, an Imam at a mosque in Anbar's capital of Ramadi, added: "We are so happy to see our Shiite brothers supporting us -- this will give us more strength."

The addition of Shiite protesters came after Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr said on Tuesday that he backed the rallies and predicted an impending "Iraqi spring".

Protests also took place in towns and cities in Nineveh and Salaheddin provinces north of Baghdad, bringing out thousands of demonstrators in all who called for Maliki to resign, anti-terror laws to be scrapped, and criticised the alleged targeting of Sunni politicians by the Shiite-led government.

Earlier, justice ministry spokesman Haidar al-Saadi said 11 female prisoners had been released and 13 others had been transferred to jails in their home provinces, two days after Maliki offered to push for the release of hundreds of female prisoners.

The rallies began on December 23, sparked by the arrest of at least nine guards of Finance Minister Rafa al-Essawi, a Sunni Arab and a leading member of the secular Sunni-backed Iraqiya bloc which, while part of Maliki's unity government, frequently criticises him in public.

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