Syrian rebels killed 28 soldiers on Thursday, a watchdog said, amid a report they beat and executed some of them, as fighting raged in the country's northwestern battlefields.
The troops were among at least 153 people killed nationwide -- 72 soldiers, 43 civilians and 38 rebels, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.
The clashes came as the main opposition Syrian National Council (SNC) hit back at US warnings of rising Islamic extremism among rebels, saying the West and its partners were to blame for increasing radicalisation.
And China, amid stalled international peace efforts, said it had made "constructive new suggestions" to end the bloodshed during talks with UN-Arab League peace envoy Lakhdar Brahimi.
The 28 soldiers died during attacks on three army checkpoints in northwestern Idlib province, on the main road from Damascus to the embattled city of Aleppo, the Britain-based Observatory said.
Five rebels were also killed in the fighting near the city of Saraqeb in the northwest, now a key battleground after rebels seized the town of Maaret al-Numan on the Damascus-Aleppo road last month.
A video of Thursday's attack posted on YouTube -- its authenticity could not be verified -- showed rebels beating about 10 soldiers before lining them on the ground and executing them with automatic rifles.
A rebel is heard telling a prisoner: "Do you not know that we belong to the people of this country?" The soldier replies: "I swear in the name of God I did not fire."
Amnesty International's Ann Harrison said in a statement: "This shocking footage depicts a potential war crime in progress, and demonstrates an utter disregard for international humanitarian law by the armed group in question."
Thursday also saw helicopter gunships strafing a district of Damascus as warplanes pounded rebel bastions in the capital's suburbs and in Idlib, the Observatory said.
At least three air raids hit the northern Damascus suburb of Harasta, home to some of the rebel Free Syrian Army's best organised fighters, as on the other side of the city gunships attacked the Al-Hajar al-Aswad district.
President Bashar al-Assad's forces launched intensive air strikes this week that analysts say are a response to opposition gains and aimed at "terrorising" local communities.
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"They are trying to make the civilian population so angry and so scared that it will not be possible for the rebels to find safe havens," said Riad Kahwaji, head of the Dubai-based Institute for Near East and Gulf Military Analysis.
-- Opposition rejects US warning --
Clashes also raged in the northern commercial hub of Aleppo, the Observatory said, and elsewhere in Idlib, where FSA forces backed by the Islamist Al-Nusra Front continued their siege of the Wadi Deif army base.
The Observatory says more than 36,000 people have now been killed since the uprising broke out in March 2011 and evolved into an armed civil conflict.
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton warned on Wednesday against efforts by Islamic extremists to "hijack" the revolution, but the opposition SNC head said the lack of an international response to the conflict was to blame.
"The international community is responsible, through its lack of support for the Syrian people, for the growth of extremism in Syria," its director Abdel Basset Sayda told AFP.
Deep divisions over how to deal with Assad -- China and Russia have repeatedly used their UN Security Council vetoes to block resolutions aimed at putting more pressure on the Syrian leader -- have stymied international efforts to address the conflict.
But China said Thursday it had made "constructive new suggestions" to end the bloodshed, including a phased region-by-region ceasefire and the formation of a transitional government.
In an apparent attempt to position China at the heart of efforts to solve the issue, the foreign ministry gave a detailed account of proposals it made to Brahimi during his visit this week.
"China's position on the Syrian issue is consistent. The new proposal is an extension of China's efforts to push forward a political resolution of the Syrian issue," ministry spokesman Hong Lei told a regular briefing.
Brahimi, who visited Moscow and Beijing this week in a bid to revive peace efforts after a failed ceasefire during last weekend's Eid al-Adha Muslim holiday, is due to present new proposals for resolving the conflict to the Security Council later this month.