The Philippines said Wednesday it had banned Filipinos from travelling to work in 41 countries and territories that had allegedly failed to provide enough safeguards to protect them from abuse.
The Department of Labour and Employment in a board resolution posted on its website said the blacklisted countries failed to sign international conventions protecting foreign workers.
Neither have these countries signed agreements with the Philippines "on the protection of the rights of overseas Filipino workers," the resolution said.
They also do not have their own laws protecting foreign workers, it added.
Included in the list were Iraq, Lebanon, Libya and the Palestinian Territories.
Carlos Cao, head of the government's overseas employment agency, said the 41 countries did not receive too many Filipino workers so a ban would not have a very large effect.
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"These are the smaller countries with small markets. The negative impact is not going to be very big," he told AFP.
The ban will also not affect Filipino workers who are already in those countries so they will not have to come home until their contracts expire, Cao added.
There are an estimated nine million Filipino overseas workers, or about 10 percent of the country's population, official statistics show.
Many of them work as maids, labourers or seamen in areas where they are vulnerable to abuse although many Filipinos also work in higher positions in Western nations.
Their dollar remittances have traditionally kept the Philippine economy afloat, although reports of abuse are common.
While Manila has in the past banned deployment to some areas locked in conflict, many Filipinos still leave through illegal means rather than take low-paying jobs at home.