Former Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmert was sentenced to eight months in prison for corruption on Monday, the latest legal blow in a spectacular fall from grace.
Lawyers for Olmert, who was premier from 2006 to 2009, crowning a political career spanning decades, immediately announced they would appeal.
The 69-year-old already faces a six-year prison sentence handed down in a separate bribery case which is the subject of an appeal to the supreme court.
He remains at liberty until the appeals have been heard, but will have to serve the two jail terms consecutively if they are upheld.
The Jerusalem district court convicted Olmert of fraud and corruption in March following a retrial over allegations that he had received envelopes of cash from a US businessman while trade and industry minister in the early 2000s.
Passing sentence, the three-judge bench said: "The conduct of Ehud Olmert merits a custodial sentence.
"A public servant -- a minister -- who receives cash payments in dollars, keeps them in a secret safe and uses them for personal purposes, is committing a crime which undermines the people's confidence in public office."
The judges also handed Olmert an additional suspended eight-month prison term and a 100,000-shekel (nearly $25,000) fine in what they said was a "light sentence in recognition of the contribution to the country made by Ehud Olmert".
Press reports said former British premier Tony Blair, now the Quartet's Middle East envoy, provided a character reference for Olmert.
In a letter to the court, Blair praised Olmert's efforts to promote Middle East peace.
Olmert has always insisted on his innocence, describing the allegations as "a brutal, ruthless witch-hunt".
His defence team said they would appeal as there was "no evidence of personal use by Olmert" of the money handed over by US businessman Morris Talansky.
The former premier had initially been acquitted of fraud and corruption in the case, escaping in 2012 with a $19,000 fine and a suspended jail sentence for breach of trust.
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- Secret recordings -
But new evidence came to light during his trial in the other corruption case, and prosecutors again pressed the charges.
In return for a reduction in sentence, his former secretary and confidante Shula Zaken brought to the court secret recordings of conversations she had with Olmert in which he is heard talking about the tens of thousands of dollars he had received.
The six-year prison sentence handed down against Olmert in May last year was the first ever against a former Israeli premier for corruption.
After a two-year trial, he was convicted of taking bribes of 560,000 shekels while mayor of Jerusalem between 1993 and 2003 from the developers of the city's massive Holyland residential complex.
Olmert resigned in September 2008 after police recommended his indictment, but stayed in office until March 2009, when the current premier, Benjamin Netanyahu, was sworn in.
First elected to parliament in 1973 at just 28, Olmert was the longtime protege of his predecessor Ariel Sharon, taking over as premier when his mentor lapsed into a coma from which he never recovered.
He was recognised as a key strategist behind many of Sharon's boldest moves, including Israel's 2005 withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and his decision to leave the rightwing Likud, now led by Netanyahu, and form the centrist Kadima party.
After Sharon's collapse, Olmert led Kadima to victory in March 2006 on a platform of dismantling dozens of settlements and withdrawing troops from most of the West Bank.
But his West Bank plan was shelved after war with Lebanon's Hezbollah that summer killed more than 1,200 people in Lebanon, mostly civilians, and 160 in Israel, mostly soldiers.
Although he rejected peace talks for decades, Olmert underwent a late-career conversion, relaunching the talks with the Palestinians in November 2007 after a seven-year hiatus.
Olmert offered far-reaching concessions in an attempt to reach a historic deal, but the talks ended abruptly in December 2008 when Israel launched a devastating three-week offensive in Gaza.