Iraq has pledged to curb numbers of unskilled migrant labourers in a bid to cut high levels of domestic unemployment and reduce illegal immigration, Baghdad's labour minister said on Saturday.
Tens of thousands of workers from around the world are toiling in post-war Iraq, which has a labour code and immigration law. But with Iraq's multitude of problems there is little monitoring, leaving migrants vulnerable and often exploited.
"The ministry of labour will not allow the entrance of unskilled foreign workers," Nassar al-Rubaie said in an emailed statement after talks with Sri Lanka's Minister of Foreign Employment Dilan Perera in Baghdad.
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"If there is a project that needs professional workers and we do not have enough ... then we will allow for talented foreigners, but no more than 50 percent (of the total amount required)."
Rubaie said those who were importing foreign workers into Iraq were "inhuman and greedy," and that labourers were being exploited by being paid less than their Iraqi counterparts for working longer hours under worse conditions.
In June, 30 Sri Lankan labourers hired to build a government housing complex in the southern province of Maysan staged a week-long hunger strike until authorities pledged to sue their employer and fight for their rights.
They said they were promised $2,000 per month but had not seen a cent since arriving in 2009.
Thousands of South Asian workers were employed in menial jobs in oil-rich Iraq, many working for catering, cleaning and transport contractors for US forces posted in the country from 2003 until their withdrawal at the end of last year.