An Iraqi soldier guards the entrance of the Nineveh base for liberation operations in Makhmur, about 280 kilometres north of Baghdad, on February 11, 2016
An Iraqi soldier guards the entrance of the Nineveh base for liberation operations in Makhmur, about 280 kilometres north of Baghdad, on February 11, 2016 © Safin Hamed - AFP/File
An Iraqi soldier guards the entrance of the Nineveh base for liberation operations in Makhmur, about 280 kilometres north of Baghdad, on February 11, 2016
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AFP
Last updated: March 27, 2016

Iraq forces secure villages south of Mosul

Iraqi forces cleared roadside bombs and booby traps Friday in villages from which they ousted jihadists a day earlier south of Mosul, the Islamic State group's main hub in the country, officials said.

Soldiers and allied paramilitary forces sealed their grip on four villages between Makhmur and IS-held Qayyarah, about 60 kilometres (35 miles) south of Mosul.

The army Thursday described the operation in which these villages were retaken as the first phase of an offensive to recapture Nineveh province and its capital Mosul.

"The security forces today removed improvised explosive devices and various obstacles left by Daesh to hamper our advance," said paramilitary leader Hassan al-Ameen, using an Arabic acronym for IS.

Ameen heads the Nineveh branch of the Hashed al-Shaabi, an umbrella paramilitary group dominated by Tehran-backed Shiite militias but that also includes Sunni tribal fighters.

"The significance of these recaptured areas is their strategic location... that can protect the command centre in Makhmur from rocket fire," he said.

An American marine was killed and several wounded last week when a rocket struck a base near Makhmur where US forces are deployed to provide "force protection" to Iraqi forces.

An officer with the Kurdish peshmerga forces stationed in Makhmur said there were no advances on the ground on Friday.

"The second phase of this operation will be to throw bridges across the Tigris towards Qayyarah and villages around it," Ameen said.

Makhmur is east of the Tigris, while Qayyarah -- which includes an oil facility and an old air base -- lies on the western bank of the river.

"This next battle will be complicated because it will have to avoid causing casualties among the civilians living in the area," he said.

Noureddin Kablan, deputy head of Nineveh provincial council, said Baghdad should encourage local fighters to join the Hashed forces and help retake their own towns and villages.

"I call on the Iraqi government to invite volunteers to join the Hashed, to increase manpower, hold and control areas that will be liberated in the future," he told AFP.

Operations to retake Mosul -- the largest urban centre in the "caliphate" IS proclaimed over parts of Iraq and Syria in 2014 -- are expected to be long and difficult.

Abadi has vowed to take the country's second city back by the end of the year but senior US officials have argued that is unlikely.

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