Adel Meshoukhi was summoned by police and arrested, an interior ministry source said.
On Wednesday Meshoukhi published an online video about the ongoing shortages of electricity and employment in Gaza which included the line "Hamas enough".
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It has been viewed more than 150,000 times.
Power shortages in the Palestinian enclave have occurred repeatedly in recent weeks, with homes in Gaza City typically getting around four hours a day instead of at least eight normally.
A series of protests against the Hamas-run electricity company has been met with a number of arrests, according to the Palestinian Non-Governmental Organisations Network.
Musical comedian Meshoukhi, who has been detained previously, is perhaps best known for an ode to a cat.