Iraqi forces battling the Islamic State group in west Mosul reached the city's southernmost bridge Monday, a key step in efforts to defeat the jihadists in their stronghold, a spokesman said.
The move, a little more than a week into a major push on Mosul's west bank, could allow Iraqi forces to extend a floating bridge between the city's two halves and pile pressure on the jihadists.
"The Rapid Response force and the federal police have liberated Jawsaq neighbourhood and now control the western end of the fourth bridge," Brigadier General Yahya Rasool told AFP.
The spokesman for the Joint Operations Command was referring to the southernmost of five bridges -- all of which are damaged and unusable -- across the Tigris River that divides the northern Iraqi city.
"That means the bridge is under control on both sides," said Rasool.
Government forces retook the east bank from IS a month ago, completing a key phase in an offensive on Mosul that began on October 17 and has involved tens of thousands of fighters.
Engineering units will be expected to deploy a so-called "ribbon bridge" across the Tigris that will allow the connection of the western side's active front lines to the already retaken east bank.
Rasool said the interior ministry's Rapid Response force had now fully retaken two neighbourhoods on the west bank, while forces from the elite Counter-Terrorism Service have retaken another further west.
"The street fighting is intense, these are populated neighbourhoods," Rasool said. "But our forces are fighting deep in the west, the enemy is broken."
- Desert advance -
Iraqi forces were also retaking desert territory southwest of the city in order to further cut off Mosul from IS-held territory in Syria.
"In general, all the troops are moving forward as planned and doing so rapidly," Staff Lieutenant General Abdelamir Yarallah told AFP from Talul al-Atshana, the highest point in Nineveh province, of which Mosul is the capital.
Nearly a month after wresting back full control of the city's east bank from the jihadists, Iraqi forces launched a fresh push on the western side, which is a little smaller but very densely populated.
They made quick initial gains, blitzing through the last open areas south of the city limits, facing limited resistance from IS as they retook the airport and a nearby military base.
IS fighters have hunkered down deep inside the city, and while Iraqi forces are still advancing steadily, the battle is expected to get tougher the farther they venture towards the centre.
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Iraqi helicopters and air strikes by the US-led coalition have played a key role in the latest progress, but the density of the civilian population inside the city will limit air support.
The west bank of Mosul includes the Old City, where Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi made his only public appearance in July 2014 and proclaimed a "caliphate" straddling Iraq and Syria.
Some of its streets are too narrow for military vehicles and will mean perilous dismounted operations.
What the jihadists still hold of Mosul is their last major urban bastion in Iraq, and its recapture would crown more than two years of a bloody counter-offensive to retake the third of the country lost to IS in 2014.
- Starvation risk -
IS's "caliphate" has shrunk to a rump, but it still controls the Syrian city of Raqa and remote, scattered pockets of territory in both countries.
On Monday, a US official said the Pentagon was planning to present the White House with new options to intensify the fight against IS, as requested by President Donald Trump.
"The White House will begin reviewing the recommendations," said the official on condition of anonymity. No further details were given.
The fighting in Mosul's west bank has raised concerns about the fate of the estimated 750,000 or more people trapped there with dwindling food supplies and little or no access to health services.
The United Nations' food agency said accounts by recently displaced people it was helping were very alarming.
"We are hearing from some families that food has drastically risen in price and is unaffordable. In extreme cases, people cannot access food at all," the WFP's Iraq chief Sally Haydock said.
The Norwegian Refugee Council said on Sunday it had received reports that some people were surviving on bird feed.
The UN has said it was planning for a possible exodus of 250,000 people or more from west Mosul.
Yet only a few hundred families have fled their homes as Iraqi forces retook their neighbourhoods over the past week.
Some are unable to leave because IS uses them as human shields, while others decide against exposing themselves to crossfire or leaving their property unprotected.
Some residents may also be IS supporters willing to help jihadists in their last stand or afraid to face arrest if they leave.