A 14-year-old Syrian refugee working at a metals shop in New Damietta, Egypt, in an effort to support his family
This handout picture taken on August 21, 2014 and released on August 29, 2014 by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), shows Syrian refugee Mahmoud helping out at a metalworking shop in New Damietta in an effort to support his family. The 14-year-old has not attended school since his family arrived from the Damascus area a year and a half ago. The vast majority of Syrian school children are not in school and growing numbers of are going to work to support their families. AFP PHOTO/ UNHCR / SCOTT NELSON RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / UNHCR / SCOTT NELSON" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS © Scott Nelson - UNHCR/AFP/File
A 14-year-old Syrian refugee working at a metals shop in New Damietta, Egypt, in an effort to support his family
Last updated: July 3, 2015

Syria refugee child labour is a 'growing, dangerous problem'

Banner Icon A growing number of Syrian refugee children are being pushed into the labour market to support their families, exploited in often dangerous conditions, said a report released on Thursday.

Syria's civil war has killed more than 230,000 people and forced around half the population from their homes.

The United Nations says close to four million have fled Syria as refugees, mainly to neighbouring countries that struggle to cope with the influx.

The report, produced by UNICEF and Save the Children, says much more needs to be done to reverse the trend in child labour.

The report says Syria is "beset with destitution and misery", with four out of five people estimated to be living in poverty and an estimated 64.7 percent living in extreme poverty, unable to meet basic needs.

Inside Syria, it said children are contributing to family income in more than three quarters of surveyed households.

In Jordan, close to half of the refugee children are the joint or sole family breadwinners, while in some parts of Lebanon, children as young as six years old are reportedly working.

The report finds that a "spiralling number of children are employed in harmful working conditions, risking serious damage to their health and wellbeing."

It said the most vulnerable of working children are those involved in armed conflict, sexual exploitation and illicit activities including organised begging and child trafficking.

Dr Roger Hearn, Save the Children regional director, said that "as families become increasingly desperate, children are working primarily for their survival. Whether in Syria or neighbouring countries, they are becoming main economic players."

And Dr Peter Salama, UNICEF regional director, noted that child labour "hinders children’s growth and development as they toil for long hours with little pay, often in extremely hazardous and unhealthy environments."

Moreover, there are fears of a "lost generation," as children who work are more likely to drop out of school.

The two agencies urged the international community, host governments and civil society to undertake measures to address the problem.

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