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Fast Facts
Official Name: United Arab Emirates
Population: 4,7 million (UN, 2010)
Capital: Abu Dhabi (Dubai is the largest city)
Government: A federation of seven states, each with a degree of autonomy. Other powers lie with the Supreme Coun
Leaders: Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed (President, ruler of Abu Dhabi), Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum (Prime Minister and Vice President, ruler of Dubai)
Religion: Muslim 96%
Languages: Arabic (official), English widely used, other minority languages are Persian, Hindu and Urdu
GDP: $246.8 billion (CIA 2010 est.)
GDP/Capita: $49,600 (CIA 2010 est.)
Main exports: Crude oil 45%, natural gas, reexports, dried fish, dates
Time zone: GMT + 4
International dialing code: +971
Currency: 1 UAE Dirham (AED) = USD 8
Country briefing
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Formed in 1971 as a federation of the former Trucial States (previously partly under British control), driven by oil revenues the UAE has transformed itself from a traditional society, based on fishing and a less profitable pearl industry, to the financial hub of the Middle East.