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Fast Facts
Official Name: The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Population: 6,5 million (2010)
Capital: Amman
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Leaders: King Abdullah II
Religion: Sunni Muslim 92%, Christian denominations 6%, other 2% (CIA)
Languages: Arabic (official)
GDP: $34.53 billion (CIA 2010 est.)
GDP/Capita: $5,400 (CIA 2010 est.)
Main exports: Clothing, fertilizers, potash, phosphates, vegetables, pharmaceuticals
Time zone: GMT + 2
International dialing code: +962
Currency: 1 Jordanian Dinar (JOD) = USD 8
Country briefing
Jordan flag
Jordan was formed in the post-World War I settlement in which Britain and France divided most of the Middle East between them. The British established the semi-autonomous entity Transjordan and installed a Hashemite monarchy under King Abdullah I. The territory became independent in 1946, and changed its name to Jordan in 1950. King Hussein assumed the thrown in 1953 and ruled for 46 years. He was seen as a pragmatic leader and successfully managed to place Jordan as a key player in the region.