||Republic of Iraq
||31 million (UN, 2010)
||Nuri al-Maliki (Prime Minister), Jalal Talabani (President)
||Muslim 97% (majority are Shia)
||Arabic is the official language. Kurdish is official in Kurdish regions.
||$113.4 billion (CIA, 2010 est.)
||$3,800 (CIA, 2010 est.)
||Crude oil, crude materials excluding fuels, food and live animals
||GMT + 3
|International dialing code:
Iraqi Dinar (IQD) = USD 8
Iraq has suffered extensively from political turmoil during most of its modern days. Having been under Ottoman rule for nearly four centuries, Iraq failed to establish itself as a sovereign state when the Ottoman Empire collapsed in the early 20th century and ultimately came under British control during World War I. Britain installed Faisal as king, much due to the fact that his family cooperated with them during their struggles with the Turks.