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Fast Facts
Official Name: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
Population: 35 million
Capital: Algiers
Government: Republic
Leaders: President Abdelaziz Bouteflika
Religion: 99% Sunni Muslim
Languages: Arabic (official), French, Berber
GDP: $251.1 billion (2010 est. CIA World Factbook)
GDP/Capita: $7,300 (CIA World Factbook)
Main exports: petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97%
Time zone: CET
International dialing code: +213
Currency: 1 Algerian Dinar (DZD) = USD 8
Country briefing
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Like neighbouring Morocco, Algeria was inhabited by Berbers but eventually became dominated by Arabs as they conquered North Africa in the 7th century. The Berber minority remains a strong force in the country and make up roughly 15% of the population. However, almost all Algerians today are of Berber origin.
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